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General inquiries about the NMRPC should be directed to the office located in Kuujjuaq, Quebec. The Director can be reached by phone at 819-964-0888 or by email at

NILCA Planning Process

Land Use Planning

Inquiries & Process

The remoteness of Nunavik presents a challenge to the NMRPC. In addition to the various Nunavik Inuit communities spread throughout the region, the area has historically, and continues today to have various stakeholders, Ethnic organizations and government interested in developing the north.

    Consistent with the roles and responsibilities of the NMRPC within the NILCA, the NMRPC shall:

  1. Identify planning regions;
  2. Identify specific planning objectives, goals and variables that apply to planning regions and are consistent with the broader objectives and goals;
  3. Contribute to the development and review of Arctic marine policy;
  4. Disseminate information and data;
  5. Solicit opinions from municipalities, residents and others about planning objectives, goals and options of the region;
  6. Prepare and circulate draft land use plans;
  7. Promote public awareness and discussion and conduct public hearings and debate throughout the planning process;
  8. Recommend plans to the Ministers;
  9. Consider modifications requested by the Ministers in the event that a draft plan is rejected;
  10. Consider amendments to a land use plan in accordance with Part 6 of NILCA;
  11. Determine whether a project proposal is in conformity with a land use plan;
  12. Monitor projects to ensure that they are in conformity with land use plans; and
  13. Report annually to the Ministers and the Makivik Designated Organization on the implementation of land use plans.

In addition to the development of land use plans within the NMR, the NMRPC can also amend land use plans via periodic review. In such cases, Government, a Makivik Designated Organization, or any person affected by the land use plan may propose amendments and the NMRPC will consider the proposed amendment, and where appropriate, review the proposal publicly.

Land Use Planning

In present day Canada, "planning" is often defined as the scientific, aesthetic, and orderly disposition of land, resources, facilities and services with a view to securing the physical, economic and social efficiency, health and well-being of urban and rural communities (CIP, 2000). Within this field of practice, "land use planning" is just one tool used by planners to try to reconcile and balance multiple environmental, economic, and cultural values for how lands and resources are protected and/or developed. Land use planning includes both the land use plan itself and the planning process that is put in place to create the plan.

Landuse Plans

"Land use" plans are also sometimes referred to as "land management" plans, "comprehensive resource management" plans or "integrated management" plans. The latter two are produced by approaches to planning based on principles of the ecosystem and biodiversity which recognize the interconnections between all living things and their direct relationships to the physical environment. Many Aboriginal Canadians believe that these two approaches closely reflect a traditional land and resource management system that they have been practicing "since time immemorial."

Regardless of the specific term used, all plans are characterized by the spatial weighting of conservation, cultural and economic needs and values, with specific management recommendations made for areas of similar ranking. These areas are often termed "management zones." Plans can be creative in the categorization of zoning, but common zones used in Canadian land use plans include: special management zones; general use zones; conservation zones; and multiple-use areas. A quandary in many Aboriginal land use plans is how to effectively compartmentalize the landscape into zones for land management purposes while at the same time recognizing the holistic interconnections between all systems within a living landscape.

The land use planning process that is used to create the plan is also governed by widely accepted principles and practices. Ideally it is based on an inclusive exercise whereby local communities, stakeholders and governing bodies come together to share their values and visions for how the land (and waters) should be used. Other guiding principles of successful planning processes include transparency, a participatory nature, comprehensive issue identification and the systematic gathering and assessment of descriptive information for a region. As much of this descriptive information is place-specific, mapping and GIS have become critical tools used for managing and assessing information within the land use planning process.